So, understanding the stock market…OK…what the heck is the stock market anyways?
The basic function of the stock market is to provide capital resources for corporations that seek capital to expand their operations and finance their growth.
If you make your money available to theses companies, you help them expand and prosper.
Companies that issue stock shares to the public are considered “publicly held” or “publicly traded” companies. Stock shares represents ownership of a corporation. As a shareholder, an investor owns a portion of the company’s assets and profits.
With ownership comes risk and a shareholder assume the primary risk if a business does poorly. However, they also stand to make the greatest return if it succeeds. If he is smart, the shareholder would be wise to be understanding the stock market too.
When an entrepreneur starts a company, he often looks to family and friends for start-up capital. As the company grows, it will need more money, or in other words capital. Those who survive those tough early years, when most businesses fail, will look for a bank loan.
Loans carry high cash costs, in the form of interest payments. Eventually, if the company grows enough, its owners may choose to issue stock shares in the public markets. Understanding the stock market is very important to know for these entrepreneurs.
When you hear that a company is “going public”, it means that the company is issuing shares of ownership for sale in the public marketplace. This process takes place during the initial public offering, or IPO.
The IPO is a first-time offering of stock for sale to the general public. The IPO process involves a number of people in addition to the company owners, and can be a rather complex undertaking. The company itself must be clear in understanding the stock market.
To go public and issue an IPO, the company must use and find an Investment Banking firm that is willing to underwrite the public offering. The Investment Banking firm, or underwriter, will do their best to sell the shares. They may reserve the right to sell the offering on an all or none basis, which means that if they cannot find buyers for all the shares to be issued, they may call off the entire offering.
The underwriters profit in this case is made by a commission charged for selling the stock. If the underwriter agrees to a firm commitment to sell the entire offering, usually the first move is to buy all the shares that are going to be publicly offered at an agreed-upon price.
The underwriter then attempts to sell those shares to the public for a higher price, thus profiting from the transaction.Stock Classification There are two classifications of stock:
Common and Preferred.
Common stock is usually what is issued to the general public. The term common Stock doesnt carry any negative connotations, but rather indicates that it is the “standard” stock the company has offered. Common shareholders have voting rights.
For a relatively small debt, living on a budget will be enough for you to cut down your debts and still keep your assets. Otherwise if you owe a lot, living on a budget is merely the first step in the get-out-of-debt process. You will also need to do some or all of the following actions:
Negotiate with your creditors.
Make a list of all your debts and the relevant information pertaining to each one. You should also analyze your budget to figure out how much you can afford to pay on your debts every month, starting with the ones that are the most important.
Ask your creditors to help you keep up with your debts by lowering your monthly payments on a temporary or permanent basis, reducing the interest rate on your debts, or letting you make interest-only payments for a limited period of time.
Never allow a creditor to pressure you into agreeing to pay more than you can afford. Whenever you talk with a creditor, explain clearly why youre calling and exactly what youre asking for. If the first person rejects your request, politely end the conversation and ask to speak with a manager or supervisor.
Consolidate Your Debt
Consolidating debt is a process when you get new debt to pay off existing debt. We know that going into debt to get out of debt may not sound reasonable, but if you did it right, it can be a smart debt-management strategy. To do it right, make sure that these following condition must be met when you consolidate:
The interest rate on the new debt is lower than the rates on the debts you pay off.
The monthly payment on the new debt is lower than the combined monthly total for all the debts you consolidate. The new debt you choose must be has a fixed interest rate.
You commit to not using credit again until the new debt is paid off.
Consult to credit counseling agency.
The advice and assistance of a credit counseling agency can be a great solution when you have a lot of debt and try to take control over it.
Credit counseling agency can especially help when you are still figuring what to do or not too confidence that you are able to improve your finances on your own. A credit counseling agency can
Help you to set a household budget.
Evaluate a budget you have already created previously, and suggesting changes that will help you get out of debt faster and avoid loss of assets.
Negotiate lower payments with your creditors and set up a debt-management plan for you
Develop your money-management skills.
Not all credit counseling agencies are reliable, so take time to choose a reputable one. First and foremost, that means working with a nonprofit, tax-exempt agency that charges you little or nothing for its services.
In todays crumbling, commercial real estate market, both borrowers and lenders find themselves in quite a precarious predicament. Borrowers struggle to make their commercial mortgage payments, while lenders are crippled by the increasing number of defaults on commercial property. Right now the best solution to this problem is commercial mortgage modification.
Commercial mortgage modification is the process of renegotiating the terms of a commercial loan. This is done typically by reducing the interest rate or monthly payment on the loan. Other benefits to the borrower may include an extension of the loan term, a forbearance or moratorium on payments, and of course an alternative to foreclosure.
A commercial mortgage modification is about risk to the lender. A lender will only consider a modification if a borrower is in default or at risk of defaulting. The most important thing the lender will look at in determining whether or not to modify a commercial note is cash flow. One very important calculation used in determining cash flow is called the DCR or Debt Coverage Ratio. This ratio is used by the underwriters to determine if a modification can be approved. If a property is breaking even, meaning the income generated is equal to the operating expenses, the DCR would be equal to 1. If commercial property has a positive cash flow, meaning the income the property generates is more than sufficient to cover the mortgage payment and all of the operating expenses, the DCR is greater than 1. If the property is losing money, the DCR would be less than 1. A lender will most likely not modify the commercial note, if the property already has a DCR greater than 1. Commercial lenders writing new commercial loans will most likely require a DCR of 1.25 or greater.
The most common form of payment reduction seen in a commercial mortgage modification is when the lender converts a principal and interest payment to an interest only payment. A lender may consider this form of commercial loan modification to help the borrower improve their cash flow. By only paying the interest on the loan, as opposed to principal and interest, the payment becomes more affordable for the borrower.
However, in extreme circumstances, reducing the mortgage payment to interest only is just not enough for a commercial property owner. If a lender sees that the borrower will still have negative cash flow even after reducing the payment to interest only, they may consider a reduction in the interest rate. Although the interest rate reduction may be temporary, it will help the borrower free up capital and maintain the mortgage payment on time. Although uncommon, lenders have lowered interest rates to as low as 1% even, to avoid an even more costly foreclosure.
The emerging market describes a broad range of markets from second and third world countries. It encompasses economies such as China and Brazil, together with countries in Africa and Asia. Generally, the term emerging markets represents economies which are as yet not fully developed, and subsequently an investment in an emerging market can often be high risk but has the potential to yield great returns as their economies are still developing.
If you are considering investing in emerging markets, these advice tips are worth considering.
Do not put all your eggs in the one basket: No financial portfolio should be tied up with just one investment, and any investment in the emerging market should not comprise a dominant percentage of a portfolio.
Long term view: The emerging market has been likened to investing in America in the 1920s as over forty years an investor would have gained a substantial return on any investment. In that time he would have seen prices drop through the floor. This is similar to emerging market investment today, so be prepared to take a long term view to good returns.
Advice: Obtaining general advice on the emerging market is essential, especially if you are new to financial investment. Financial advisors, banks, and other institutions seem like good places to gain valuable advice on the surface. More often than not however, the investor who seeks guidance from these places often pays for advice they do not need, as many of the best decisions can and should be handled by the investor.
A few financial investment companies have realised this and take a hands off approach and only step in with general advice if needed. These are the companies to turn to when guidance is needed.
Commissions: It goes without saying that any financial investment company is going to charge commissions, and subsequently it makes sense to look for a company that charges low rates. Some offer 0% commission initially, and this is a good place to start.
Risk vs. Return: Any investment into the emerging market is high risk. The returns however, have the potential to be considerable and subsequently an emerging market investment becomes a viable option. It is possible to invest in a country or into a fund which in turn is managed by a fund manager.
The latter becomes a question of faith and trust in that manager to do the right thing with your money, so the decision to choose a financial investment company with a view to fund management should not be taken lightly.
Currently, China and Brazil are often seen as good choices for emerging market investment.
Ultimately it is important to realise that as an investor you need to be in control of the fund, even if it is supervised by a fund manager. Some financial companies give you that control, and it is worth spending sometime to find a financial investment company like this.
Trading the Forex market has become very popular in the last years. Why is it that traders around the world see the Forex market as an investment opportunity? We will try to answer this question in this article. Also we will discuss come differences between the Forex market, the stocks market and the futures market.
Some of the benefits of trading the Forex market are:
Superior liquidity. Liquidity is what really makes the Forex market different from other markets. The Forex market is by far the most liquid financial market in the world with nearly 2 trillion dollars traded everyday. This ensures price stability and better trade execution. Allowing traders to open and close transactions with ease. Also such a tremendous volume makes it hard to manipulate the market in an extended manner.
24hr Market. This one is also one of the greatest advantages of trading Forex. It is an around the click market, the market opens on Sunday at 3:00 pm EST when New Zealand begins operations, and closes on Friday at 5:00 pm EST when San Francisco terminates operations. There are transactions in practically every time zone, allowing active traders to choose at what time to trade.
Leverage trading. Trading the Forex Market offers a greater buying power than many other markets. Some Forex brokers offer leverage up to 400:1, allowing traders to have only 0.25% in margin of the total investment. For instance, a trader using 100:1 means that to have a US$100,000 position, only US$1,000 are needed on margin to be able to open that position.
Low Transaction costs. Almost all brokers offer commission free trading. The only cost traders incur in any transaction is the spread (difference between the buy and sell price of each currency pair). This spread could be as low as 1 pip (the minimum increment in any currency pair) in some pairs.
Low minimum investment. The Forex market requires less capital to start trading than any other markets. The initial investment could go as low as $300 USD, depending on leverage offered by the broker. This is a great advantage since Forex traders are able to keep their risk investment to the lowest level.
Specialized trading. The liquidity of the market allows us to focus on just a few instruments (or currency pairs) as our main investments (85% of all trading transactions are made on the seven major currencies). Allowing us to monitor, and at the end get to know each instrument better.
Trading from anywhere. If you do a lot of traveling, you can trade from anywhere in the world just having an internet connection.
Some of the most important differences between the Forex market and other markets are explained below.
Forex market vs. Equity markets
FX market: Near two trillion dollars of daily volume. Equity market: Around 200 billion on a daily basis.
FX market: 24hr market, 5.5 days a week. Equity market: Monday through Friday from 8:30 EST to 5:00 EST.
With so many people facing foreclosure today, thousands of loan modification companies have emerged offering a financial lifeline. Unfortunately, most demand big upfront fees, are not sufficiently educated in the industry to actually help, and may hurt by wasting valuable time and effort, or many companies (about 75%) are in the business to scam people. As stated by Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan–If you are struggling to make your mortgage payments, or if you are facing foreclosure, stay away from anyone who says that they will save your home for money upfront-.
Loss Mitigation Specialist C. Thompson Sr (Nationwide Assistance, Clermont, FLA), has determined several tale tale signs of scamming by these companies:
Charges a huge upfront fee- the purpose of the fee is to contact the lender to ask for a loan modification. But, if turned down, only half the fee or none of the fee is returned. In these cases, there should be a money back guarantee.
Will not explain the purpose of the fee- all services should be explained and all questions answered.
Is not interested in your circumstances- may not have your best interest at heart.
Does not stop the foreclosure proceedings during the negotiation.
Will accept the first proposal from the lender, which may not suit your circumstances.
A virtual company-no real office- may not be a real company.
Too good to be true- promises a fantastic interest rate or/and an exact principle reduction amount, without consulting the lender. No promises can be made without negtiating with the lender.
No approval process-An approval process should be the first step in the modification process, before a fee is paid. The process should not include credit qualification, and approval should not be made on the first phone call.
Not a member of the Better Business Bureau.-they are not a leader in the industry.
Fortunately, you can avoid these scams. There are other avenues to pursue if you need assistance with your urgent mortgage problems. Consider a non-profit agency that will assist you without charging a fee, or a real estate licensee and an attorney who will work and allow payment after the work is completed. You can also obtain free advice and consultation for your refinance, loan modification and foreclosure needs through several government agencies:
Hope NOW –
California Department of Real Estate –
Making Home Affordable-
The information presented above applies to home refinancing and loan modification abuse. However, if you are seriously looking to improve your finances in general, visit to find out more.
A water damage event his hit your home, and one of the first things you should do is to check your insurance policy or call your insurance agent and determine if your damage is covered. Even though you may be faced with plenty of damage and the beginning of mold, all homeowners policies dont automatically cover all types of water damage.
Once you understand what your policy covers, then you can quickly begin to remediate the damage to your property and begin to get the information to file a claim assuming you know what will be covered, according to the web site insure.com.
First and foremost, as some residents of New Orleans and the Mississippi Gulf Coast learned during Hurricane Katrina in 2005, a flood is not covered by homeowners insurance. Floods are only covered by flood insurance thats issued by the National Flood Insurance Program and cant be bought through nearly any insurance company.
Heres the kicker, though. Flood insurance policies have a ceiling not shared by homeowners insurance, and a separate level for contents that many people dont bother to adjust to their situations. So many homeowners in New Orleans wanted their homeowners insurance to handle the situation, because it provided more coverage.
Water damage from a leaking room is covered by most homeowners insurance, though the damage to the roof is not. Thats because of the generally accepted principle that anything related to maintenance falls to the homeowners. Roofs need to be properly maintained so the roof damage is not allowed.
Likewise, water from an appliance overflowing or pipes freezing and bursting, are both covered. Again, insurance companies general cover water damage if it was a sudden, catastrophic event, and not, as insure.com explains, a gradual wear and tear over time that proper maintenance could have avoided.
And two final areas of water damage: Seepages from the ground into the basement and sewer backup. Neither of these are covered by homeowners insurance. Seepage clearly is a gradual event that can be diagnosed and corrected before any significant damage results. Sewer backup is something that many insurance policies around the country specifically exclude.
So, now you know whether your own water event is covered by homeowners, flood insurance or has to be repaired out of pocket. And you are ready to take the next step – which is to document the damage and get an adjuster to your house as soon as possible to begin the process of submitting an insurance claim.
Have you ever thought about what will happen to your family when you are not around anymore? If you still haven’t, then it is high time you start thinking. The feeling of your family being financially unstable is extremely frightening. Life Insurance will provide you assurance that in the event of the untimely death of the insured person the loved ones will remain financially secured. The nominee of the policy will receive an amount which is known as the sum assured which can later be effectively used to plan his/her future. Therefore, it is very important that you get the best life insurance policy for yourself keeping your demands in mind.
With various insurance companies in business nowadays and the varied options provided by them, it is necessary for us to compare life insurance policies and select the one that best matches our requirements. You have to compare life insurance quotes from different companies and all these details are provided by various websites to help people have a better idea about which company to choose and what kind of policy is best suited for them. Get more information .
There are a few benefits of taking a Life Insurance policy. In the event of the policy-holder’s death, a good amount of life insurance cover will protect your family from going through any financial crisis. If you are adequately insured then all your loans and your assets would properly be taken care of.
If you have to compare life insurance, we should look at the various types of life insurance policies:
Term Life Insurance: Provides insurance for a fixed period of time. This policy is best suited for people who are not able to pay high premiums.
Whole Life Insurance: Also known as Permanent Life Insurance. This policy covers risk for the whole life and generally the premiums are high.
Endowment Life Insurance: This type of policy pays back the sum assured and the bonuses at the time of maturity.
In order to get the maximum benefit you need to assess whether the premium rates that the insurance companies are providing is correct or not. You need to compare life insurance rates and select an insurance company which will give you a higher amount on coverage and this will result in a higher payout upon retirement or sudden death.
The above mentioned guidelines will assist you in choosing a life insurance policy that perfectly secures your family.
It is necessary policies and select the one that best matches our requirements.
A civil summons for a debt simply means your creditor has decided to take you to court for the debt that you owe. Your creditor can sue you directly or sell your debt to a debt collection agent. It is common for most consumers not to respond to debt summonses. If you do not respond, you will lose the case by default and the court gives judgment against you. It is in your best interest therefore to respond. The following steps will help you greatly, especially if you don’t want to waste money on attorney fees.
1. Write down the court date in your diary so you do not forget. Plan to have that day free. You might spend most of that day in court.
2. Write a 2 to 3 pages reply to the summons. This is to put the collection attorney on notice that you will be available to defend your case. Usually you have 20 days to reply but the earlier you do it the better. If you are not sure what to write, write whatever you can and then get an attorney to check it for you for a small fee. Other things might come up and you will forget.
3. Get as many documents as you can concern the debt. You have to know exactly where you stand. Some debts might no longer be valid. Documents to that purpose will prove your case. Get any canceled checks, bankruptcy papers that can add to your defense. Court cases are not decided by word of mouth. Collection attorneys sometimes have trouble accounting for the exact amount of money they owed and this can work in your favor
4. Check the state of your finances to determine if and how you can pay the debt or part of it. The collection attorney more often than not will ask you to agree to an out of court settlement.
5. Now, if your financial life is in a state of confusion, these tips might not work for you. You will be better off hiring an attorney that has experience in handling debt cases.
Check out the link below
Debt Information Center the internet’s No.1 center for free information on debt management and consolidation.
Whether you have a hundred dollars in the bank or a thousand dollars in the bank, there is nothing worse then an identity scam that drains your bank account of its funds. Bank identity theft is nothing new in crime but the trend seems to be growing at an alarming rate. Sadly, not too many people know how to protect themselves from bank identity theft and that could be why so many people are being taken advantage of.
Maybe if more people were to understand how to protect themselves, less people would be missing money out of their bank accounts. Something so simple such as allowing your computer to remember your online banking password is enough for bank identity theft to take place. It is never a good idea to let your computer remember or store any of your passwords because your computer always has a chance of being hacked into. .
If that happens, the first thing they are going to try to do is bank identity theft since that is the fastest way to your money. If you have trouble remembering your passwords simply write them down and store them in a safe place.
Other Things to Remember
A lot of people are able to get away with bank identity theft by taking a little amount of money at a time over a long period of time. If you are one of those people who have a hard time trying to remember to balance your checkbook, you may not find it odd that you are missing ten dollars here or twenty dollars there. By being proactive and logging all of your banking activities, you will have a much better chance at noticing a problem taking place.
Then, if you notice something odd, you can contact your bank and they can put a freeze on your account so it cannot be broken into any longer. Never leave your checkbook or debit card lying around because that gives people the chance to write down or copy your banking numbers. With the wonderful world of the Internet, a thief does not need to actual card or check to purchase things online.
All they need are the numbers for bank identity theft to work in their favor. Before you know it you will be completely out of money and they will all sorts of new things thanks to your lack of bank identity theft knowledge. So be careful and be proactive so that you never have to face such a situation in your life.
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